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Kidney Anatomy

Few People realize how marveolus the kidneys are. They are actually the complex chemical factories. Capable of filtering the body entire blood supply twenty five times a day. The kidney cleaning the body’s toxic wastes while maintaining the proper balance of salt, acid and water.

Chemical wastes and excess water are collected by the kidney and deliver to the bladder in the form of urine. The kidney also help the body’s environment deed and manufacture important hormone which regulate blood pressure and aid production of red blood cells.

floating kidney
Although we seldom notice and because they usually work so beautifully, their work is not trully appreciated until they fail. The failure leads to high blood pressure, anemia and piled up of waste in the blood; potentially lifethreaning events

Kidney is one of the most important organ in human body. All vertebretes and some invertebretes have kidney. Human being, as well as all members of all vertebrete species, typically have two kidneys. Human’s kidneys are dark red in color and have a shape in which one side is convex, or rounded, and the other is concave, or indented. Human’s kidneys are about 10 to 13 cm long and about 5-7,5 cm wide. Adult human kidneys are about the size of a computer mouse.

Kidneys are located beneath the diaphragm and behind the peritoneum. they lie against the rear wall of the abdomen, on either side of the spine. They are situated below the middle of the back, beneath the liver on the right and the spleen on the left.

The most important function of kidneys is the removal of poisonous wastes from the blood. Most of these wastes are nitrogen-containing compounds urea and uric acid. Kidneys ability to carry out it’s function in removal wastes, depend on the functional unit of the kidney called nephrons.

Together with the bladder, two ureters, and the single urethra, the kidneys make up the body’s urinary system.
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