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Menstruation Cycle Chart

Menstruation is the monthly flow of blood from the womb. It begins at puberty between the ages of 11 and 15 , sometimes later. Menstruation occurs when the ovaries begin to produce and expel egg cells. From that time on a girl can become pregnant if she marries or cohabits with the opposite sex.

The activity of the ovaries after puberty produces hormones in the blood which cause the womb to develop its inner lining ready for reception of the impregnated ovum.

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But if this does not happen soon after the egg cell is expelled from the ovary into the tube, the womb waits about 2 weeks and then sheds that especially prepared membrane.

This leaves the womb with a more or less raw surface which bleeds for a couple of days, which is called menstruation. As one or more egg cells are expelled every month, the process repeats itself monthly.

After the bleeding the inner surface of the womb regenerates again and the same events recur. Menstruation may recur every 21 days or every 28 or more days, varying in every individual woman. It may last from 2 to 6 days. If only four or five pads are used per day, the menstruation is not considered excessive.

If menstruation does not appear at the age of 14 or 15 the cause is usually some abnormality of some part of the genital tract or a systemic abnormality as obesity, diabetes, anemia or tuberculosis. Most girls experience very slight pain and discomfort during menstruation.

A slight backache and engorgement of the breasts may also be felt. Very painful periods can be relieved by hormones. No sedative drugs or pain relievers should be taken.

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No cold or hot bathing or strenuous exercise should be indulged in during menstruation; lukewarm baths are desirable. Some girls suffer a slight nasal congestion and very few bleed from the nose during menstruation. Menstruation is a normal and natural phenomenon and should not be considered an indisposition or an illness
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