Lung diseases The presence of certain diseases of the lung, notably chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

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Lung Disease is associated with an increased risk (four- to sixfold the risk of a nonsmoker) for the development of lung cancer even after the effects of concomitant cigarette smoking are excluded.

Prior history of lung cancer

Survivors of lung cancer have a greater risk of developing a second lung cancer than the general population has of developing a first lung cancer. Survivors of non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLCs, see below) have an additive risk of 1%-2% per year for developing a second lung cancer. In survivors of small cell lung cancers (SCLCs, see below), the risk for development of second lung cancers approaches 6% per year.

Air pollution


Air pollution from vehicles, industry, and power plants can raise the likelihood of developing lung cancer in exposed individuals. Up to 1% of lung cancer deaths are attributable to breathing polluted air, and experts believe that prolonged exposure to highly polluted air can carry a risk for the development of lung cancer similar to that of passive smoking

  Types of lung cancer


Lung cancers, also known as bronchogenic carcinomas, are broadly classified into two types: small cell lung cancers (SCLC) and non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLC). This classification is based upon the microscopic appearance of the tumor cells themselves. These two types of cancers grow and spread in different ways and may have different treatment options, so a distinction between these two types is important.
 lung cancer

SCLC comprise about 20% of lung cancers and are the most aggressive and rapidly growing of all lung cancers. SCLC are strongly related to cigarette smoking, with only 1% of these tumors occurring in nonsmokers. SCLC metastasize rapidly to many sites within the body and are most often discovered after they have spread extensively. Referring to a specific cell appearance often seen when examining samples of SCLC under the microscope, these cancers are sometimes called oat cell carcinomas.

NSCLC are the most common lung cancers, accounting for about 80% of all lung cancers. NSCLC can be divided into three main types that are named based upon the type of cells found in the tumor:

  • Adenocarcinomas are the most commonly seen type of NSCLC in the U.S. and comprise up to 50% of NSCLC. While adenocarcinomas are associated with smoking, like other lung cancers, this type is observed as well in nonsmokers who develop lung cancer. Most adenocarcinomas arise in the outer, or peripheral, areas of the lungs. Bronchioloalveolar carcinoma is a subtype of adenocarcinoma that frequently develops at multiple sites in the lungs and spreads along the preexisting alveolar walls.
  • Squamous cell carcinomas were formerly more common than adenocarcinomas; at present, they account for about 30% of NSCLC. Also known as epidermoid carcinomas, squamous cell cancers arise most frequently in the central chest area in the bronchi.
  • Large cell carcinomas, sometimes referred to as undifferentiated carcinomas, are the least common type of NSCLC.
  • Mixtures of different types of NSCLC are also seen.

Other types of cancers can arise in the lung; these types are much less common than NSCLC and SCLC and together comprise only 5%-10% of lung cancers:

  • Bronchial carcinoids account for up to 5% of lung cancers. These tumors are generally small (3 cm-4 cm or less) when diagnosed and occur most commonly in people under 40 years of age. Unrelated to cigarette smoking, carcinoid tumors can metastasize, and a small proportion of these tumors secrete hormone-like substances that may cause specific symptoms related to the hormone being produced. Carcinoids generally grow and spread more slowly than bronchogenic cancers, and many are detected early enough to be amenable to surgical resection.
  • Cancers of supporting lung tissue such as smooth muscle, blood vessels, or cells involved in the immune response can rarely occur in the lung.

As discussed previously, metastatic cancers from other primary tumors in the body are often found in the lung. Tumors from anywhere in the body may spread to the lungs either through the bloodstream, through the lymphatic system, or directly from nearby organs. Metastatic tumors are most often multiple, scattered throughout the lung, and concentrated in the peripheral rather than central areas of the lung.

How Common Is Lung Cancer in The United States

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Lung cancer is the most common cause of death due to cancer in both men and women throughout the world. The American Cancer Society estimated that 222,520 new cases of lung cancer in the U.S. will be diagnosed and 157,300 deaths due to lung cancer would occur in 2013.

According to the U.S. National Cancer Institute, approximately one out of every 14 men and women in the U.S. will be diagnosed with cancer of the lung at some point in their lifetime.

Lung cancer is predominantly a disease of the elderly; almost 70% of people diagnosed with lung cancer are over 65 years of age, while less than 3% of lung cancers occur in people under 45 years of age.

Lung cancer was not common prior to the 1930s but increased dramatically over the following decades as tobacco smoking increased. In many developing countries, the incidence of lung cancer is beginning to fall following public education about the dangers of cigarette smoking and the introduction of effective smoking-cessation programs.

 Nevertheless, lung cancer remains among the most common types of cancers in both men and women worldwide. In the U.S., lung cancer has surpassed breast cancer as the most common cause of cancer-related deaths in women.
How Common Is Lung Cancer in The United States

Causes lung cancer

Smoking

The incidence of lung cancer is strongly correlated with cigarette smoking, with about 90% of lung cancers arising as a result of tobacco use. The risk of lung cancer increases with the number of cigarettes smoked and the time over which smoking has occurred; doctors refer to this risk in terms of pack-years of smoking history (the number of packs of cigarettes smoked per day multiplied by the number of years smoked).

For example, a person who has smoked two packs of cigarettes per day for 10 years has a 20 pack-year smoking history. While the risk of lung cancer is increased with even a 10-pack-year smoking history, those with 30-pack-year histories or more are considered to have the greatest risk for the development of lung cancer. Among those who smoke two or more packs of cigarettes per day, one in seven will die of lung cancer.

Pipe and cigar smoking also can cause lung cancer, although the risk is not as high as with cigarette smoking. Thus, while someone who smokes one pack of cigarettes per day has a risk for the development of lung cancer that is 25 times higher than a nonsmoker, pipe and cigar smokers have a risk of lung cancer that is about five times that of a nonsmoker.

Tobacco smoke contains over 4,000 chemical compounds, many of which have been shown to be cancer-causing or carcinogenic. The two primary carcinogens in tobacco smoke are chemicals known as nitrosamines and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.

 The risk of developing lung cancer decreases each year following smoking cessation as normal cells grow and replace damaged cells in the lung. In former smokers, the risk of developing lung cancer begins to approach that of a nonsmoker about 15 years after cessation of smoking.

Passive smoking


Passive smoking or the inhalation of tobacco smoke by nonsmokers who share living or working quarters with smokers, also is an established risk factor for the development of lung cancer. Research has shown that nonsmokers who reside with a smoker have a 24% increase in risk for developing lung cancer when compared with nonsmokers who do not reside with a smoker. An estimated 3,000 lung cancer deaths that occur each year in the U.S. are attributable to passive smoking.

Asbestos fibers


Asbestos fibers are silicate fibers that can persist for a lifetime in lung tissue following exposure to asbestos. The workplace is a common source of exposure to asbestos fibers, as asbestos was widely used in the past as both thermal and acoustic insulation.

Today, asbestos use is limited or banned in many countries, including the U.S. Both lung cancer and mesothelioma (cancer of the pleura of the lung as well as of the lining of the abdominal cavity called the peritoneum) are associated with exposure to asbestos.

 Cigarette smoking drastically increases the chance of developing an asbestos-related lung cancer in workers exposed to asbestos. Asbestos workers who do not smoke have a fivefold greater risk of developing lung cancer than nonsmokers, but asbestos workers who smoke have a risk that is fifty- to ninetyfold greater than nonsmokers.

Radon gas


Radon gas is a natural, chemically inert gas that is a natural decay product of uranium. Uranium decays to form products, including radon, that emit a type of ionizing radiation.

 Radon gas is a known cause of lung cancer, with an estimated 12% of lung-cancer deaths attributable to radon gas, or about 20,000 lung-cancer-related deaths annually in the U.S., making radon the second leading cause of lung cancer in the U.S. As with asbestos exposure, concomitant smoking greatly increases the risk of lung cancer with radon exposure. Radon gas can travel up through soil and enter homes through gaps in the foundation, pipes, drains, or other openings.

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency estimates that one out of every 15 homes in the U.S. contains dangerous levels of radon gas. Radon gas is invisible and odorless, but it can be detected with simple test kits.

Familial predisposition

While the majority of lung cancers are associated with tobacco smoking, the fact that not all smokers eventually develop lung cancer suggests that other factors, such as individual genetic susceptibility, may play a role in the causation of lung cancer. 

Numerous studies have shown that lung cancer is more likely to occur in both smoking and nonsmoking relatives of those who have had lung cancer than in the general population. 

Recently, the largest genetic study of lung cancer ever conducted, involving over 10,000 people from 18 countries and led by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), identified a small region in the genome (DNA) that contains genes that appear to confer an increased susceptibility to lung cancer in smokers. 

The specific genes, located the q arm of chromosome 15, code for proteins that interact with nicotine and other tobacco toxins (nicotinic acetylcholine receptor genes).

Sign You Have Lung Cancer

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Cancer of the lung, like all cancers, results from an abnormality in the body's basic unit of life, the cell. Normally, the body maintains a system of checks and balances on cell growth so that cells divide to produce new cells only when new cells are needed.

Disruption of this system of checks and balances on cell growth results in an uncontrolled division and proliferation of cells that eventually forms a mass known as a tumor.
Tumors can be benign or malignant; when we speak of "cancer," we are referring to those tumors that are malignant.

 Benign tumors usually can be removed and do not spread to other parts of the body. Malignant tumors, on the other hand, grow aggressively and invade other tissues of the body, allowing entry of tumor cells into the bloodstream or lymphatic system and then to other sites in the body.

This process of spread is termed metastasis; the areas of tumor growth at these distant sites are called metastases. Since lung cancer tends to spread or metastasize very early after it forms, it is a very life-threatening cancer and one of the most difficult cancers to treat.

While lung cancer can spread to any organ in the body, certain organs - particularly the adrenal glands, liver, brain, and bone - are the most common sites for lung cancer metastasis.
The lung also is a very common site for metastasis from tumors in other parts of the body.

Tumor metastases are made up of the same type of cells as the original (primary) tumor. For example, if prostate cancer spreads via the bloodstream to the lungs, it is metastatic prostate cancer in the lung and is not lung cancer.

Lung cancer
Lung cancer picture


The principal function of the lungs is to exchange gases between the air we breathe and the blood. Through the lung, carbon dioxide is removed from the bloodstream and oxygen from inspired air enters the bloodstream. The right lung has three lobes, while the left lung is divided into two lobes and a small structure called the lingula that is the equivalent of the middle lobe on the right. The major airways entering the lungs are the bronchi, which arise from the trachea.

The bronchi branch into progressively smaller airways called bronchioles that end in tiny sacs known as alveoli where gas exchange occurs. The lungs and chest wall are covered with a thin layer of tissue called the pleura.

Lung cancers can arise in any part of the lung, but 90%-95% of cancers of the lung are thought to arise from the epithelial cells, the cells lining the larger and smaller airways (bronchi and bronchioles); for this reason, lung cancers are sometimes called bronchogenic cancers or bronchogenic carcinomas. (Carcinoma is another term for cancer.)

Cancers also can arise from the pleura (called mesotheliomas) or rarely from supporting tissues within the lungs, for example, the blood vessels.

How To Tighten Your Vagina Naturally

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How To Tighten Your Vagina Naturally Is natural vaginal tightening really possible?
Tightening the vagina naturally isn’t as hard as you think it is. All you need is a few minutes every day to improve the tightness of your private region. There is no complicated machinery involved. You can do it in the comfort of your own home. You can even keep it a secret from your partner. If he is working in the day, you can use that time to do any of the natural ways to tighten your vagina. Exercise, health supplements, and a change in lifestyle are some of the options available to you.
How_To_Tighten_Your_Vagina_Naturally

But first, why do you need to tighten your vagina? 

Vaginas start out tight and elastic, but over time and with differences in lifestyles, some women have looser vagina than others. Those who have given birth at a later age are more prone to this kind of problem. If you give birth to a baby less than a year after you have given birth to a previous one, your vagina may not have enough time to return to its original shape. Furthermore, when you are not doing exercises that help tone the pelvic floor muscles, your vagina won’t be as flexible. More information on vaginal flexibility can be found at http://tightvagina.org/

How does sexual intercourse affect the vagina?

Sexual intercourse actually affects the vagina in two ways. One, when you reach orgasm, your pelvic floor muscles contract or tighten, which exercises the flexibility of the vagina. However, as you grow older and the vagina is subjected to different stretching methods, it becomes less flexible. Many would argue that having powerful orgasms can bring back the tightness of your vagina, and that is a possibility. However, note that when you are not getting as much pleasure from sex, your libido won’t be as high as it used to be. Also, when you are conscious of how your vagina looks for your partner, you may not reach orgasm at all.

How does exercise affect the vagina?

Exercise is a way to tone muscles all over the body. When your vagina loosens, it is actually the pelvic floor muscles losing their elasticity. Since this area is composed of muscles, it goes without saying that exercise can help improve their shape. No matter how old the skin is, with proper exercise it can be improved. All you need now is the right exercise. Kegel exercises target the pelvic floor muscles. These are popular when the issue of vaginal tightening is brought up. You can also do exercises that target core and pelvic floor muscles such as Pilates and yoga.

How does surgery affect your vagina?

Vaginoplasty is the easiest and also the most expensive way of tightening your vagina.Through this surgical method your vagina’s original shape will be reconstructed. This is also called vaginal reconstruction or rejuvenation. However, this is the least private of all the treatments, since this would require preliminary consultation with a doctor and a roomful of experts to get the surgery done. As for results, it can indeed solve your problem after
making a huge dent in your pocket.

How do herbal supplements affect your vagina?

Some herbal supplements such as Kacip Fatimah had been used in certain Asian regions as a way to strengthen the vaginal walls particularly before childbirth to ensure that the muscles in that region will be strong and flexible. Vaginal tightening gels also exist. These may come from herbal sources, too, but they come in a handy gel that is safe to use even on the inner walls of the vagina. You can apply these whenever you want. It can even provide lubrication to prevent vaginal dryness.

There’s no need to despair when you realize that you have vaginal loosening. All you need to do is decide on the best method that can solve this problem. With the presence of various options, surely one of them is bound to be of help to you.

How to Tighten Vagina

It is already challenging for women to feel pleasure when having intercourse with their partner on a
regular day. Orgasm isn’t a common or regular occurrence and experiencing it every so often is already
what most women hope for. Things get even worse for a female if she has already given birth because
her vaginal walls won’t be as tight as they used to be. With this problem, both she and her partner will
not enjoy their intercourse as much as they did before.

The challenge on you

As a woman, you hold the power to keep your man happy. You have the right set of body parts, but are
they functioning well? More to the point, is your vagina still tight enough for it to grip your man’s
manhood and give him more pleasure? And as for you, do you still feel his movements inside you? It’s
pretty challenging to keep a healthy and satisfying lifestyle when you have already given birth several
times.

The challenge on him

With loose vaginal walls, you are not the only person feeling dissatisfied. Your man may also have a hard
time finishing off when he’s inside you. He will not feel as happy as he did before, and since he’s not
pleasuring you too, he will feel bad about the situation. At this point there are only two outcomes of this
problem. He can be understanding about it if your relationship is strong, but if it isn’t that strong, you can have a major falling apart.

Operation, maybe?

There are some treatments involving operation that will give you back a tightened vagina. Vaginoplasty tightens up the vagina that had loosened from childbirth or aging. Labiaplasty changes the size of the labia to make them smaller or changes the shape to correct any asymmetry. It can be performed along with vaginoplasty. Doctors claim that these operations also increase your sensitivity so that you will feel
more pleasure, maybe even greater than what you felt before.

The solution that will rock your world

If you are not a fan of surgery or if you do not want to consult doctors about your problem, there’s a better treatment that you can do at home. This all-natural treatment doesn’t require anything but a product and a lifestyle change. If you look around the market, there are different products for this.There are creams, gels, and pills. It depends on what you are more comfortable with using. And then there are exercises that go with these products, such as Kegel exercises. These exercises aim to strengthen the muscles in the pelvic area so that your vagina gets back to normal.

You can do it, even in secret

If you want your private life to remain private, using these products and doing these exercises are the
best option. You may even keep this from your partner for a certain time so that he will be surprised
when you two get in bed and feel the difference. He will definitely feel rejuvenated when he feels how
tight you are. And you—you will feel even more pleasure, too. It will be just like when you were younger. Both of you will have a lot of fun again and when he’s satisfied with you, he will not even think
about cheating. This is the ultimate relationship saver.

It’s up to you how you address vaginal loosening. You may avoid the issue and not do anything to prevent it, in which case you should be prepared for the consequences of dissatisfaction from your man.You could also get yourself the right products and get started on bringing back your tight vagina and improve your relationship.

Kegel Exercise Instructions

Kegel exercises help tighten the vaginal walls to solve various problems. Doctors may recommend this to prevent urinal discharge, while pregnant women do this exercise in preparation for childbirth. And then there are women who do these exercises to bring back a youthful and tight vagina. A tight vagina can
improve the pleasures derived from sex and you and your partner will both benefit from it. So how does this exercise work?

Start with the basics

Just like with any other exercise, you need to start with the basics. It won’t be safe if you start with the
most difficult. The most basic Kegel exercise is the one done sitting down. It’s not even complicated.
First, you will need to identify the muscle that needs to be toned—that’s the pelvic floor muscle, which
controls the bladder, uterus, and rectum. 

You can identify this muscle by trying to hold your pee midstream. You can also insert a finger and feel the part that resists when you contract the vagina.
Benefiting from Kegel exercises will be easy as long as you are working the right muscles.

Standing and squatting exercises

Sitting exercises are meant to familiarize you with the pelvic floor muscles. Now that you’ve got that
covered, you can start doing the exercise while standing. Make sure that there is enough distance
between your legs and then clench the muscles in the area you want to tighten. Try to keep your breathing normal as you do this. You will find yourself holding your breath when you’re just starting and you have to work on that. Start by keeping the muscles tightened for ten seconds and repeat it ten times. Increase the time and repetitions until you can hold it effortlessly for ten minutes. Then you can do squatting exercises. Squatting exercises are actually ideal for pregnant women who want to improve their pushes during labor.

With or without Kegel weights or Ben-wa balls

You can do Kegel exercises to tighten and strengthen your vaginal muscles without Kegel balls, but if you really want to know whether you are having some progress, these balls are recommended. A weighted ball will be inserted in the vagina where it will rest against the pelvic floor muscles. Clenching the muscles will prevent the ball from falling out—that’s your goal. Keep the ball in as long as possible and work your way up to being able to keep the ball in place even while you are walking around the house or doing the chores.

The most discrete exercise ever
The good thing about Kegel exercises is they can be done in private. Even with the use of weighted balls,
nobody will have to know what you are doing or what your secret is to a tighter vagina.

Can be combined with others

Kegel exercises need to be done repeatedly to achieve the desired results. If you’re having a hard time determining and working the pelvic floor muscles, or if you want faster results, you can try using vaginal
tightening creams with the exercise. In fact, you can even use tightening gels only and see significant improvements in no time. However, it would be nice to have some exercise for that area too to strengthen the elasticity of the muscles better.

Important reminders

Kegel exercises using weights have to be done without compromising one’s health. Make sure that you store and clean the weights properly so that your vaginal region will not be infected. Use a mild soap to avoid irritation. You should also keep in mind that soreness may be felt when you are just beginning to routinely do these exercises since the muscles have to adjust. When you are pregnant, you should ask your doctor first if the use of weights is okay.

Vaginal Tightening Pills vs. Cream vs. Gel

There are different reasons why you may be having vaginal looseness problems. Some women are naturally loose, which may have been the reason why you don’t feel that much pleasure while having intercourse. Some women who have given birth may face looseness issues because the vagina has a hard time returning to its original shape. Women in their menopausal stages can also have a loose vagina because of the uterus weighing down on the muscles in that area. Some medical conditions even result in vaginal looseness. In short, you are not alone in facing this problem and fortunately, there are
different products that can help you.

What are your options?

Your options would depend on the money you are willing to spend on treating vaginal looseness. If money is not an issue, vaginoplasty is an easy way to reconstruct the vaginal area. Through this surgical
operation your vagina can be restored to its youthful appearance. Note though that this has some risks
and it can be very costly. If you have moderate budget, vaginal tightening pills, creams, and gels can be
of assistance.

Vaginal tightening pills

Just as there are pills that can help prevent unplanned pregnancy, there are also pills that will help bring back a naturally tight vagina. These pills are created from extracts of herbal plants that have tightening
properties on that region. Some of the ingredients of these pills come from plants that have been used in the past to aid in childbirth by helping strengthen the vaginal walls. Since these pills are taken orally,there is no mess in using them. It’s also okay to use pills even when you are on your period. However, the pills aren’t risk free.

Vaginal tightening creams

Another popular vaginal tightening product variant is the cream form. Creams for vagina tightening are
applied to the area and can give you results in just fifteen minutes. Vaginal tightening creams are not
recommended for use when you are on your period, when you are pregnant, or when there is any kind of irritation in the vaginal area. Also avoid using it with condoms.

Vaginal tightening gels

Gels are water-based, so vaginal tightening gels should be safe to use even on the inner vaginal walls.
This is important because when you are applying vaginal tightening products around the area, it can’t be
helped that sometimes your finger wanders into nearby places. You don’t want any complications when
that happens, so gels are suitable. Like creams, gels also provide lubrication to prevent dryness in the area. Dryness can lead to irritation.

Which one is the most effective?

Choosing among pills, gels, and creams when it comes to the perfect product to use ultimately depends
on your preference. Pills would be better suited to those who don’t want a messy application, while gels
and creams work best for those who want quicker results and improved lubrication. Whatever you choose, always make sure that you follow the proper application or usage as prescribed to avoid complications. Pregnant women should always consult their doctors before using any product.

How to reduce the cost of vaginal tightening

Vaginal tightening products are already affordable, but if you want to further minimize the cost of
rejuvenating the vagina, you can pair the product with repeated Kegel exercises. This way, you will be
able to achieve the best results in a shorter period of time. Another way to minimize the cost is by
buying the products in bulk. Most resellers offer huge discounts when you buy a huge quantity of pills,
gels, or creams. You just have to decide how to proceed with your home treatment of vaginal looseness.

V-Tight Gel: A Product Review

It’s understandable that women having issues with their vaginal tightness do not want to talk about it.
It’s not exactly a good conversation starter to ask your friends how they maintain a tight vagina, is it?
Sometimes, even when you’re talking to a professional, it can be quite embarrassing to bring up the
topic. You don’t want to be judged, and that’s perfectly normal. Because of this, most women use the
internet to search for products that will help them solve their vaginal tightness problem. V-Tight Gel is
one such product.

What is V-Tight Gel and what is its use?
V-Tight Gel is an all-around product for women experiencing the following:
- Dryness in the vagina
- Lack of pleasure derived from sex
- Vaginal looseness
- Lack of sensitivity and decreased arousal

The vaginal tightening gel is made of natural extracts and natural-occurring products to guarantee that it
is safe to use. In fact, one of its active ingredients is Majikani extract, which comes from a substance that has been used in certain cultures for the purpose of reviving a loose vagina.
Specifically, V-Tight helps in the following:
- Restores lubrication in the vagina
- Prevents vaginal dryness
- Restores supple vaginal skin
- Tightens the vagina
- Increases the pleasure felt from sex
- Increases sensitivity during sex
- Achieve stronger orgasms
- More control over vaginal muscles to satisfy your partner

Why should you use V-Tight Gel?

Over time, a marriage can lack its appeal, especially when both parties are not getting enough pleasure
from sex. With loose vagina you will not be satisfied and will have a hard time achieving orgasm; your
partner may not feel your vaginal walls gripping him, which will decrease the pleasure he gets from the
act, too.
After a child birth, the vaginal walls will not have a hard time tightening back to its original shape.
However, after numerous child births, and also because of aging, the vaginal walls will start to become
loose. Simple measurement will not identify whether you are loose or not, but you will feel the changes
when you yearn for a bigger object to be inserted in the vagina to feel some pleasure. You can also try
putting two fingers inside the vagina and squeeze the muscles around it—if you don’t feel a tightening
around the fingers, that’s an indicator that your vagina is loose.

V-Tight Gel is favored by a lot of women because it is safe to use, and it works well. Compared to vaginal
reconstructive surgery, V-Tight Gel is more affordable and discreet. It’s hard enough for some to talk
about the problem, much less approach their doctor to tell them their intention of getting surgery.
Advantages and disadvantages of using V-Tight Gel

V-Tight Gel tightens naturally and resolves any dryness and lack of lubrication in the vagina. It can be
purchased online and can be shipped to your doorstep without any hassles. You can buy a small tube
and even get discounts for a different quantity. This kind of setup is ideal for women who are too shy to
approach someone for their vaginal issue.

V-Tight Gel can bring back the confidence that a woman has lost from unsatisfied partners and
intercourse. By tightening the vagina naturally, a woman can enjoy more intimate time with her spouse
and through that, their relationship will be stronger despite their age.
Is there a disadvantage in using V-Tight Gel? You’d have to spend some money, of course, but the price
is reasonable so it won’t be a big issue. No side effects are associated with the product, so it should be
safe for everyone’s use.
More information on V-Tight Gel can be found at Tight Vagina.

All You Need To Know About Loose your vagina

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All you need to know about loose vagina Even after being such an important concern, not many of the women feel ready to talk about what goes down there. This is the reason it gave birth to several myths regarding to loose vagina and tight vagina. Here we are addressing some popular myths regarding to the prime reasons behind a loose vagina which need to be corrected.

Myth 1 : The more sex you do, the more loose vagina you will have  

Truth : The myth about having vaginal looseness due to more sex has no truth inside it. The reason being vagina of our body is a muscular tube which stretches itself to accommodate whatever is going inside ann in case when there is nothing inside it, it touches itself. The vagina gets stretched immediately after intercourse but soon it will get back to it's normal shape. Even the sex helps in tightening the vagina as during sex muscles are used and thus works as exercise.
vagina health

Myth 2 : Smaller or younger girls have tighter vagina  

Truth : The myth is completely wrong as there is no truth associated with this myth. Vagina is expandable and gets stretched during sex and many a times it can also expand itself two time to their size during lovemaking. Thus associating body size to vagina tightening in irrelevant. The only reason some women have tight vagina because their muscles contract with much force and power. For young girls, having a tighten vagina is the result of anxiety and nervousness which makes the vaginal walls clench even tighter.

Myth 3 : Childbirth results in loose vagina 

Truth : Childbirth doesn't cause loosening of vagina. When you give birth to a child by natural process, vaginal walls become loose for some time but as the time passes by, it starts getting back to its normal shape thanks to their elastic property. However one can
notice slight change in vagina after having multiple childbirths as slowly vaginal walls
start losing elasticity and with the aging also vagina starts loosening up.

Preventing Loose vagina issue :

Now that you know the myths and truths about loose and tight vagina, the next step is to
find out how to get rid of this issue. When I was suffering with the same problem, I put
some effort in digging out the best solution of this problem and that’s when V tight gel
caught my site. I tried to understand why V tight gel is different from others and reading
several positive reviews, decided to give it a try. Trust me, this is the most effective
solution I have ever come across.

The key benefits are :
1. Very affordable compared to other options
2. Contains natural ingredients thus doesn’t cause any side effect
3. Starts showing results from the first day of applying it.
4. Also improves lubrication and helps to get rid of vagina dryness.
So women, I suggest you to clear out these myths and if you are also looking for a
suitable, affordable and above all, effective solution of this problem, you must give it a try

Curious but Crucial Facts for Men

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For many men, a woman’s lady bits present a sense of mystery and wonder (although the same could likely be said for a female getting acquainted with a man’s equipment). Even the man who has had plenty of experience with the world down under is sure to have a few questions rolling around.  Finally, get the answers to those questions that are too embarrassing to ask a woman, as well tips on how to maintain the male equipment for a healthy penis 24/7 – and better sex.

Why does it make noise during sex?

Known as “queefing,” that funny vaginal fart that sometimes slips out occurs due to the combination of arousal and thrusting.  As the vagina becomes engorged, it expands slightly in preparation for sex.  Combine that with vigorous thrusting, and air that has made its way up there is released with different movements.  No need for embarrassment from either party; it is perfectly normal and healthy.
noise during sex

My girlfriend “squirts” during orgasms. Is it pee?

While some women may release small amounts of urine during sex  – possibly due to stress incontinence, it sounds like what she is experiencing female ejaculation, because it is being expelled with force from her vagina.  Female ejaculation is a fairly rare phenomenon, but it does happen. While the exact composition of the liquid is debated among professionals and researchers, it is thought the liquid may contain some urine along with other bodily fluids.  So, there’s the answer; she’s not peeing during sex – rather, she is she-jaculating!

Why does the vagina smell?

Well, guys, the male genitals are no bunch of roses either, but a slight female odor is perfectly normal.  The vagina is self-cleaning and therefore discharges dead skin cells, bacteria and the like in an effort to ward off infection, all of which contribute to the odor.  Now, if there is a sudden change in her odor, or it becomes increasingly strong, offensive, or is accompanied by a great deal of discharge it is possible she has an infection such as yeast or bacterial vaginosis – both of which should be checked out and treated by a doc.  Otherwise, if a man finds her odor to be a turn-off, she can take a quick shower before sex to freshen up.  However, a woman should never use perfumes or other scents to try to mask the smell of her vagina, as those chemicals could very well lead to infection. Using a homemade or commercial douche is also a bad idea, since these can change the pH balance of the vagina and lead to infection, as well.

Is it safe to have sex during a woman’s period?

Yes, there is nothing wrong with having sex while a woman is menstruating, so long as she is healthy.  If the woman has HIV/AIDS or another blood-borne illness, obviously, this puts her partner at risk due to the direct contact with blood – even with consistent condom use – so sex should be skipped during her time of the month.  Not a fan of seeing blood?  Try shower sex to stay squeaky clean – and keep the bed sheets clean, too! And of course, make sure she is comfortable with the idea – a woman who is in the throes of menstrual cramps may not be enthusiastic about any below-the-belt action, at least for a day or two.

Keeping the Penis Healthy

Any man who is sexually active should make it a priority to keep his penis healthy. Not only does a healthy tool make for better sex; it also reduces the risk of giving – or getting – an unpleasant infection. Proper penis care goes beyond just soap and water – though that is an obvious place to start.  For optimum penis health, men need to take care of their entire body.  It is important to eat right, exercise and maintain a healthy weight – after all an unhealthy body leads to an unhealthy sex life as well.  Additionally, men interested in maintaining optimum penile health should use a penis health cream (health professionals recommend Man 1 Man Oil) that contains specially formulated nutrients such as L-Arginine to improve the circulation to the penis in order to maximize the delivery of nutrients and oxygen.

source from man1health.com

OTHER BLOOD GROUP SYSTEMS

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The International Society of Blood Transfusion currently recognizes 30 blood group systems (including the ABO and Rh systems).[2] Thus, in addition to the ABO antigens and Rhesus antigens, many other antigens are expressed on the RBC surface membrane.

For example, an individual can be AB RhD positive, and at the same time M and N positive (MNS system), K positive (Kell system), Lea or Leb negative (Lewis system), and so on, being positive or negative for each blood group system antigen. Many of the blood group systems were named after the patients in whom the corresponding antibodies were initially encountered.

 BLOOD TRANSFUSION

Transfusion medicine is a specialized branch of hematology that is concerned with the study of blood groups, along with the work of a blood bank to provide a transfusion service for blood and other blood products. Across the world, blood products must be prescribed by a medical doctor (licensed physician or surgeon) in a similar way as medicines. In the USA, blood products are tightly regulated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

Much of the routine work of a blood bank involves testing blood from both donors and recipients to ensure that every individual recipient is given blood that is compatible and is as safe as possible. If a unit of incompatible blood is transfused between a donor and recipient, a severe acute immunological reaction, hemolysis (RBC destruction), renal failure and shock are likely to occur, and death is a possibility. Antibodies can be highly active and can attack RBCs and bind components of the complement system to cause massive hemolysis of the transfused blood.

Patients should ideally receive their own blood or type-specific blood products to minimize the chance of a transfusion reaction. Risks can be further reduced by cross-matching blood, but this may be skipped when blood is required for an emergency.

 Cross-matching involves mixing a sample of the recipient's serum with a sample of the donor's red blood cells and checking if the mixture agglutinates, or forms clumps. If agglutination is not obvious by direct vision, blood bank technicians usually check for agglutination with a microscope. If agglutination occurs, that particular donor's blood cannot be transfused to that particular recipient.

The blood group may be included on identification tags or on tattoos worn by military personnel, in case they should need an emergency blood transfusion. Frontline German Waffen-SS had blood group tattoos during World War II.

Rare blood types can cause supply problems for blood banks and hospitals. For example Duffy-negative blood occurs much more frequently in people of African origin,[38] and the rarity of this blood type in the rest of the population can result in a shortage of Duffy-negative blood for patients of African ethnicity. Similarly for RhD negative people, there is a risk associated with travelling to parts of the world where supplies of RhD negative blood are rare, particularly East Asia, where blood services may endeavor to encourage Westerners to donate blood.[39]

HEMOLYTIC DISEASE OF THE NEWBORN (HDN)


A pregnant woman can make IgG blood group antibodies if her fetus has a blood group antigen that she does not have. This can happen if some of the fetus' blood cells pass into the mother's blood circulation (e.g. a small fetomaternal hemorrhage at the time of childbirth or obstetric intervention), or sometimes after a therapeutic blood transfusion.

This can cause Rh disease or other forms of hemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN) in the current pregnancy and/or subsequent pregnancies. If a pregnant woman is known to have anti-RhD antibodies, the RhD blood type of a fetus can be tested by analysis of fetal DNA in maternal plasma to assess the risk to the fetus of Rh disease.[40] One of the major advances of twentieth century medicine was to prevent this disease by stopping the formation of Anti-RhD antibodies by RhD negative mothers with an injectable medication called Rho(D) immune globulin.[41][42] Antibodies associated with some blood groups can cause severe HDN, others can only cause mild HDN and others are not known to cause HDN.[3]

BLOOD PRODUCTS

In order to provide maximum benefit from each blood donation and to extend shelf-life, blood banks fractionate some whole blood into several products. The most common of these products are packed RBCs, plasma, platelets, cryoprecipitate, and fresh frozen plasma (FFP). FFP is quick-frozen to retain the labile clotting factors V and VIII, which are usually administered to patients who have a potentially fatal clotting problem caused by a condition such as advanced liver disease, overdose of anticoagulant, or disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC).
Units of packed red cells are made by removing as much of the plasma as possible from whole blood units.
Clotting factors synthesized by modern recombinant methods are now in routine clinical use for hemophilia, as the risks of infection transmission that occur with pooled blood products are avoided.

RED BLOOD CELL COMPATIBILITY

Blood group AB individuals have both A and B antigens on the surface of their RBCs, and their blood serum does not contain any antibodies against either A or B antigen. Therefore, an individual with type AB blood can receive blood from any group (with AB being preferable), but can donate blood only to another type AB individual.

Blood group A individuals have the A antigen on the surface of their RBCs, and blood serum containing IgM antibodies against the B antigen. Therefore, a group A individual can receive blood only from individuals of groups A or O (with A being preferable), and can donate blood to individuals with type A or AB.

Blood group B individuals have the B antigen on the surface of their RBCs, and blood serum containing IgM antibodies against the A antigen. Therefore, a group B individual can receive blood only from individuals of groups B or O (with B being preferable), and can donate blood to individuals with type B or AB.

Blood group O (or blood group zero in some countries) individuals do not have either A or B antigens on the surface of their RBCs, but their blood serum contains IgM anti-A antibodies and anti-B antibodies against the A and B blood group antigens. Therefore, a group O individual can receive blood only from a group O individual, but can donate blood to individuals of any ABO blood group (ie A, B, O or AB). If anyone needs a blood transfusion in a dire emergency, and if the time taken to process the recipient's blood would cause a detrimental delay, O Negative blood can be issued.

PLASMA COMPATIBILITY

Recipients can receive plasma of the same blood group, but otherwise the donor-recipient compatibility for blood plasma is the converse of that of RBCs: plasma extracted from type AB blood can be transfused to individuals of any blood group; individuals of blood group O can receive plasma from any blood group; and type O plasma can be used only by type O recipients.
Plasma compatibility table


Table note1. Assumes absence of strong atypical antibodies in donor plasma
Rhesus D antibodies are uncommon, so generally neither RhD negative nor RhD positive blood contain anti-RhD antibodies. If a potential donor is found to have anti-RhD antibodies or any strong atypical blood group antibody by antibody screening in the blood bank, they would not be accepted as a donor (or in some blood banks the blood would be drawn but the product would need to be appropriately labeled); therefore, donor blood plasma issued by a blood bank can be selected to be free of RhD antibodies and free of other atypical antibodies, and such donor plasma issued from a blood bank would be suitable for a recipient who may be RhD positive or RhD negative, as long as blood plasma and the recipient are ABO compatible.

UNIVERSAL DONORS AND UNIVERSAL RECIPIENTS

With regard to transfusions of whole blood or packed red blood cells, individuals with type O negative blood are often called universal donors, and those with type AB positive blood are called universal recipients; however, these terms are only generally true with respect to possible reactions of the recipient's anti-A and anti-B antibodies to transfused red blood cells, and also possible sensitization to RhD antigens. Exceptions include individuals with hh antigen system (also known as the Bombay blood group) who can only receive blood safely from other hh donors, because they form antibodies against the H substance.[45][46]

Blood donors with particularly strong anti-A, anti-B or any atypical blood group antibody are excluded from blood donation. The possible reactions of anti-A and anti-B antibodies present in the transfused blood to the recipients RBCs need not be considered, because a relatively small volume of plasma containing antibodies is transfused.

By way of example; considering the transfusion of O RhD negative blood (universal donor blood) into a recipient of blood group A RhD positive, an immune reaction between the recipient's anti-B antibodies and the transfused RBCs is not anticipated. However, the relatively small amount of plasma in the transfused blood contains anti-A antibodies, which could react with the A antigens on the surface of the recipients RBCs, but a significant reaction is unlikely because of the dilution factors. Rhesus D sensitization is not anticipated.

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